A Look Into The Thyroid Gland

The thyroid gland is part of the endocrine system located in the neck. The gland’s function focuses on metabolism, growth, and development, and also produces hormones. However, a disturbance within the thyroid gland causes hormone imbalance leading to abnormal uterine bleeding. Thyroid disorders such as hypo or hyperthyroidism can lead to changes in menstruation level and ovulation or even cause early menopause.

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How 2 common thyroid issues impact menstruation

The signs and symptoms of hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism differ from each other. Not everyone experiences every symptom but being aware of each symptom is necessary to get early treatment. Hyperthyroidism is an overactive thyroid and some women may experience a change in menses cycle. The cessation of periods before the age of 50 may cause early menopause. Hypothyroidism, an underactive thyroid, may cause heavy menstrual bleeding in some women.

Is it a thyroid problem or menopause?

Menopause and thyroid disorders share similar symptoms and this may confuse women. Some similar symptoms include depression, weight gain, fatigue, and hot flashes. Women are usually diagnosed with thyroid disorder around menopause, which is difficult to differentiate. Hence, performing a simple blood test can clear the confusion and early treatment can begin if necessary.

The relationship between hypothyroidism and infertility

When a woman has an underactive thyroid, there is less hormone production. Women with hypothyroidism release fewer eggs, further leading to interference in ovulation and affecting fertility. This thyroid disorder can also affect the baby’s development, leading to miscarriage. Pregnant women with untreated hypothyroidism may produce premature babies. Hence, getting thyroid levels checked is crucial, especially if one is showing hypothyroidism signs and symptoms.

TFTs and their importance

The most vital test required to check thyroid blood level is TSH (thyroid-stimulating hormone). Other tests such as T3 (triiodothyronine) and T4 (thyroxine) levels are measured. In hyperthyroidism, the TSH level is low, while T3 and T4 are high. While hypothyroidism shows high levels of TSH and low levels of T3 and T4. Once the blood results are received, the healthcare provider will discuss the results and meanings of the tests.

Treating thyroid-related reproductive issues

Depending on the lab results and condition, the doctor will suggest the best mode of treatment. The treatment modalities include medications, surgery, and radioiodine. When starting treatment, the doctor will continuously monitor the blood levels. If experiencing any side effects from any treatment, informing the healthcare provider is necessary.

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