Dealing With Infertility Disorders
Infertility is the inability to conceive after 12 months of unprotected sexual intercourse. Infertility may stem from a male or female partner or both. Diseases that increase the risk of infertility include polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS), fibroids, and some sexually transmitted infections. If there is no successful pregnancy outcome after 12 months of unprotected intercourse, consult a specialist.
What are the diagnostic tests the doctor will perform?
Initially, the healthcare provider will take a medical history and perform a physical examination. The fertility tests include blood tests to check progesterone, thyroid and pituitary gland hormones and ovarian reserve tests. Imaging tests provide a better view of the ovaries. The most common is a pelvic ultrasound. Hysterosalpingography may be recommended to check the well-being of the uterus. Depending on the patient’s case, laparoscopy and genetic testing are seldom done.
The possible management of infertility issue
The infertility treatment depends on the patient’s cause of infertility and preferences. The healthcare provider may suggest hormonal medications for pregnancy, but there are risks such as multiple pregnancies. Other treatments for infertility include surgery to fix abnormalities or remove polyps or fibroids. In vitro fertilization is another way for infertile couples to have children.
Treatment depends on the type of disorder
Every couple facing infertility issues will not go through the same treatment. Treatment options depend on the underlying cause and how well a might respond to a particular therapy. The various treatment options for fibroids include medications and a successful surgery called a myomectomy. Dependent on individual needs, a fertility specialist will be able to recommend the proper treatment.
Another example of infertility options
Polycystic ovarian syndrome has similar management choices, but the treatment depends on the patient’s case. The treatment choices for PCOS include medications, surgery, in vitro fertilization, and lifestyle changes such as losing weight. Surgery such as ovarian drilling is usually the last option if no other treatment works. With surgery, a patient’s ovulation may return for 6-8 months.
The future for infertility
The outcome for someone with an infertility issue depends on factors such as age, cause, severity, and response to treatment. The fertility doctor will recommend the best treatment to solve the infertility issue. During the consultation visit, speak to the doctor about the procedure, risk factors, success rate, and any other concerns.